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Terms and Definitions
- 100's Two-Ply Broadcloth (fine)
- A premium shirting fabric made with two-ply threads (two individual threads are twisted together) which make it durable, soft, and lustrous. Acetate
- A man-made fiber used for linings. Acrylic
- A man-made fiber that is an excellent choice for knits because of its soft, wool-like feel. Alpaca
- Yarn from alpaca sheep that is often woven with wool or cashmere to create a soft, luxurious garment. Broadcloth
- A dense, tightly woven fabric. It is lustrous and soft with a good texture and a smooth finish. Broadcloth tends to wear very well and is machine washable. Camelhair
- Hair sheared from a camel that produces a soft, luxurious fabric. Camelhair is usually used in the construction of suits and jackets. Cashmere
- Extremely soft and lightweight fiber combed from the undercoat of the long-haired Kashmir goat. Corduroy
- A fabric with distinctive vertical rows. Each row, known as a wale, can vary in width. Cotton
- Gathered from the seed pods of the cotton plant, or the cloth made from these fibers. There are several grades of cotton; pima and Sea Island cotton are the best quality. Donegal
- A knit or tweed with coarse multicolored yarns with nubs that are combined with single-colored yarns to produce a mottled effect. Drape
- The way a fabric or garment hangs. Drape can alter the way a garment fits and looks. Elastane
- Elastane is a synthetic fiber known for its exceptional elasticity. It is stronger and more durable than natural rubber. Egyptian Cotton
- Egyptian cotton is grown in the most ideal growing conditions for a high grade, long staple cotton. These extra-long fibers provide a visibly silkier look and feel while being stronger, lightweight and more breathable than regular cotton. An added benefit is that Egyptian has less pilling than regular cotton after washing and therefore will look and feel better longer. Finishing
- A process performed on a fabric after it is woven that can dramatically change its look and feel. Flannel
- A more expensive method of knitting a garment in which the complete unit is shaped and knit on the machine, as opposed to being sewn together from separate pieces. Gabardine
- A durable, compactly woven twill fabric, sometimes with a high sheen. Gauge
- A term used to describe the number of loops per 1 to 1 1/2 inches in a knitted fabric or garment. Hand
- Qualities of a fabric revealed through a sense of touch. Handwoven
- Material woven on a hand-operated loom. Heather Yarns
- A yarn consisting of differently colored fibers that are blended together to give a soft, muted look. High Twist Yarns
- Material woven on a hand-operated loom. Italian Cotton
- Italian Cotton, fabric woven exclusively in Italy, is a remarkably soft and durable cotton. The meticulous pattern detail and saturated color make for an exceptional shirt. A specialized finishing is always added to make the fabric feel soft and the color shine. Knit
- A process of making a fabric or garment with hand- or machine-made interlocking looped stitches. Lambswool
- Soft, resilient wool yarn from the first shearing of a sheep. Leather
- The skin or hide of an animal with the hair removed. Linen
- The strong, coarse, absorbent, cool fibers gathered from the flax plant, or the cloth made from these fibers. Long Staple Cotton
- Cotton whose fibers are over 1 1/8 inches long. Longer staples cottons create increased durability and hand (how pleasing the fabric feels) of the garment because they can be spun into finer threads than shorter lengths of cotton. Lycra
- A trademark DuPont fiber that has incredible stretch and recovery. Lycra® is a brand-name spandex that is usually woven with other fibers to provide ease in fabrics. Mercerized Cotton
- A term used to describe a thread, yarn or fabric that has undergone a finishing process that increases its luster and smoothness. Merino Wool
- A better-quality wool yarn made from the fleece of merino sheep. Microfiber
- An extremely fine synthetic fiber unusual in that it is extremely breathable and warm. Often, and legally, referred to as its generic/parent name, polyester. Modal
- Fiber made by spinning reconstituted cellulose from beech trees; a variety of rayon. Non-Iron Cotton
- Enjoy the comfort of cotton without the wrinkles for a clean, crisp presentation. Garments which are 'non-iron' have seams which are taped to prevent puckering. The completed garment is [then] treated with an ammonia process, pressed and baked to make the entire garment wrinkle free. Paul Fredrick dress shirts are machine washable and should not be dry cleaned. Nylon
- A synthetic fiber that is silky, strong, resistant to creases and stains and washable. Pima Cotton
- A high-quality, very strong, extra-long staple cotton named after the Pima Native Americans, who first cultivated the plant in Arizona in the early 1900s. Pima cotton is considered one of the most superior blends of cotton. Pique
- A durable woven or knit fabric that is characterized by an allover textured pattern, the most popular of which are the cord, diamond and honeycomb. Pinpoint Oxford
- A finer yarn and tighter weave than oxford. A weave in which the warp (horizontal) has two fine yarns paired together and one heavier softly-spun weft (vertical) yarn, which gives the fabric a subtle basket-weave look and a lustrous finish. Plain Weave
- The simplest of fabric weaves in which length and crosswise yarns interlace over and under, alternately. Polyester
- A man-made fiber resistant to shrinkage, wrinkling and moths. Rib Knit
- A knitted fabric with alternating raised and lowered rows. More elastic and durable than plain knits. Seersucker
- A midweight fabric that has a permanent puckered striped effect created through releasing the tension on the loom during weaving. Sharkskin
- Smooth wool in a twill weave that has a characteristic alternating black-and-white pattern for a grayed effect. The surface is said to resemble a skin of a shark. Silk
- A fiber composed mainly of fibroin and produced by certain insect larvae to form cocoons, especially the strong, elastic, fibrous secretion of silkworms used to make thread and fabric. Suede
- A type of leather with a soft, napped finish. Super Wools
- The story of this thread lies within the numbering system used to describe the new breed of super-lightweight, high-twist wools. Pioneered by Italian mills about ten years ago, these fabrics are made using high-tech machines that spin wool lighter and finer than it's ever been spun before. The various grades of cloth are referred to as Super 100s, Super 120s, Super 150s and so on, up to Super 200s. Supima Cotton
- Supima Cotton is a luxury, trademarked fabric that refers to Cotton grown exclusively in the United States. Supima Cotton, the cashmere of cottons, is stronger, softer and more brilliant white than any other in the world. Tencel / Lyocell
- A natural, man-made fiber produced in an environmentally-friendly process from wood pulp. It has become popular in clothing because it is absorbent and comfortable for wear, especially in conditions of high humidity. Lyocell also drapes attractively and is flattering in dresses and shirts. Lyocell is stronger than cotton or regular viscose rayon and does not lose strength when wet as viscose rayon does. Lyocell stretches more than cotton, but less than viscose. It is often blended with cotton and/or polyester, mainly in woven fabrics, rather than knits. It is absorbent and comfortable for wear in conditions of high humidity because it is cellulosic, which causes moisture to be wicked away from your skin. Tropical Weight
- A smooth wool fabric made from two-ply yarns in an open plain weave. Lightweight and airy, this wool is ideal for summer garments. Viscose
- A type of rayon. Whipcord
- A strong worsted or cotton fabric made of hard-twisted yarns with a diagonal cord or rib. Wool
- A fiber derived principally from sheep. Worsted Wool
- A carded, combed, tightly twisted yarn that produces crisp, smooth woolens. Yarn
- A strand of natural or man-made fibers joined together and used in weaving or knitting to make fabric. Zegna Baruffa Yarns
- A wide range of yarns that appear clean and smooth, flowing and extremely light. Zegna Baruffa is an Italian firm with a long tradition of high quality and excellence.
A good rule of thumb is to always read the care and content label to determine how to care for your garment. To get the longest life from your Paul Fredrick shirt we recommend cold-water washing and tumble dry – delicate. Remove shirts and use warm iron while still slightly damp. If you prefer to launder or dry-clean your shirts we recommend very light starch.
When the care label reads "Use Mild Detergent," use a gentle detergent meant for cold-water washing of delicates.
When the care label reads "Hand Wash," use lukewarm water. Do not use chlorine bleach on colored items.
- Dry Clean.
- Never hang knitted garments.
- Store cashmere folded in tissue or see-through garment bags. This will not only keep them cleaner, it will help prevent pilling by keeping garments from rubbing against each other.
- To remove pills (tiny balls on the surface), cut very carefully with a safety razor.
- If label reads "Machine Wash," then use all-purpose detergent and follow temperature instructions on garment.
- If label reads "Tumble Dry," remove promptly when finished to avoid wrinkles.
- Non-Iron Cotton: Machine wash warm like colors, tumble dry; Do not dry clean or professionally launder, either will reduce the Lifespan of the shirt.
- Knits (T-shirts): To avoid shrinkage, dry flat.
- Sweaters: Tumble dry partially, then reshape and dry flat.
- If label reads "Machine Wash and Dry," follow temperature instructions on fabric.
- Linen should be pressed with a hot iron while still slightly damp.
- If care label reads "Hand Wash," as in the case of some in silk knits, use a neutral soap.
- Rinse. Gently press out excess water in towel. Don't wring or twist. Smooth and straighten.
- Seams and air dry fabric out of direct sunlight until slightly damp.
- To iron silk, steam press wrong side while slightly damp.
- If care label reads "Hand Wash," use a mild detergent in lukewarm water. Soak the garment for several minutes; swish gently and rinse. Be sure to eliminate all suds. Do not wring or twist. Instead, roll garment in an absorbent towel and gently wring the towel. Remove the garment and lie flat to dry.
- Refresh wool, with the exception of knitted wool, by hanging in a steamy bathroom.
- Wool needs airing and breathing room. Hang wool garments (other than knits) on a proper hanger in a well ventilated closet.
- Wool shrinks and dulls at high temperatures. Dry clean all wool unless it is specifically marked "Washable." Wash by hand unless label specifically reads "Machine Washable."
- In order to keep their shape, knitted woolens should be folded flat, not put on hangers.
Leather and Suede
Leather footwear and outerwear will afford more comfort and longer wear if they are cared for properly. Paul Fredrick MenStyle offers the following tips for keeping leather products looking and wearing their best:
- Garments should be stored in a cool, dry place.
- Storing leather or suede in plastic bags will dry out or discolor the skins. A simple paper cover over the shoulders will keep dust off the garment.
- Keep suede garments cleaner between professional cleanings by removing dust with a dry sponge.
- Hang leather or suede garments on contoured wooden or plastic hangers. They will keep their shape better.
- Don't allow leather or suede garments to become overly soiled between professional cleanings. They may become impossible to restore.
- Always store leather shoes with moisture-absorbing cedar shoe trees, to prevent leather cracking and permanent creasing where the toe bends.
- Always use a shoe horn when putting on shoes to prevent the back of the shoe from breaking down. Never force feet into the shoes.
- Always keep leather away from direct heat to prevent it from drying out. Leather should always dry naturally.
- Give shoes a rest between wearings. Leather shoes should have one full day to dry out from natural foot perspiration and should not be worn on two consecutive days.
- When polishing shoes, use only a high quality paste or cream that will help moisturize leather and keep it from drying out. Never use a liquid polish on leather shoes.
- Never use any type of cleaner that contains an acid or a detergent...both are damaging to fine leather, and will age the product.
- If leather becomes heavily soiled, use a mild application of Ivory soap on a damp cloth, wipe off, and allow to dry. Then apply a leather conditioner. This treatment should restore the original luster without any damaging effects to the leather.
Shirts are monogrammed on your choice of the left cuff or front pocket in 1/4" letters in navy, burgundy or white. Other monogram colors also available. Three span styles are available - block, diamond and script. Enter your first, middle and last initials (in that order) in the appropriate field on the website. Add $12.95 per item monogrammed and allow 1-2 extra days for delivery.